‘Breath of Life’ A New Tiny Rare Fossil Found by Scientists

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‘Breath of Life’ A New Tiny Rare Fossil Found by Scientists

Scientists have found recently ‘Breath of Live’ a new tiny rare fossil. Fossils tell us about the history of the earth formation and life on the Earth. Fossils are found in rocks, minerals and gemstones also. The popular gemstone and mineral is Amber.

Leicester, Yale, Oxford and London scientists discovered tiny crustacean in 430 million-years-old rocks in Herefordshire, UK. It was well preserved astonishingly. The fossil is called a new species of ostracod which is from a family of shrimps and crabs. The size is only a few millimeters.

Virtual reconstructions of the new 430 million-year-old crustacean Spiricopia aurita, which is 7.5 mm long. Image courtesy of David J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, Derek J. Siveter and M.D. Sutton.

The fossil is so complete with the animal gut, gills, eyes, and limbs apart from the shell. The wonderful thing is that fossil contains soft part also which were well preserved naturally. This is exceptionally a rare fossil. It has a complete respiratory system with five pairs of gills with canals. It contains essential fluids also. It seems that it is likely to happen that minimum 430 million years ago, its heart is evolved in this common group of microcrustaceans.

Scientists have called the fossil sample as ” Sciricopia Aurita”. This is a Latin word. The meaning is ” Breath of Life”, “ears” and ‘ abundance”.

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“This is an exciting and rare find, in which the soft parts of the animal are preserved as well as its shell. In almost all cases such fleshy structures are denied to the fossil record. It gives us a tantalizing window into the palaeobiology of the animal and here yields knowledge about important organ-systems and associated metabolic activities in what is a widespread group of fossil and living arthropods.” The wordings of Professor David Siveter who is from the University of Leicester’s School of Geography, Geology and the Environment.

Scientists are of the view that the fossil has been living 443 – 420 million years ago during the Silurian period in the sea around Southern Britain during
Scientists used a digital reconstruction technique for recovering the fossil. They used grinding the rock containing fossil, layer by wafer-thin layer in order to recover the fossil.

Reference of research: published in the Royal Society journal Biology Letters.

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